The signs and symptoms of Acid Reflux in a baby can often be missed. You may just think that they are going through a fussy phase, it’s just a bit of “spit-up”, or that they are teething. So what should you look out for??
First of all, what is Acid reflux?
At the bottom of your little one’s esophagus (the tube that joins the throat to the stomach), there is a muscle that opens and closes to allow food in, but not out. In some infants, this muscle may be quite weak or underdeveloped. If it is weak, it may not close fully, letting digestive juices and stomach contents back up through the esophagus and into the throat. This causes acid reflux. The condition usually peaks at age 4 months and goes away on its own between 12 and 18 months of age. If it persists past 2 years of age, it may be a sign of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). This is a more serious condition.
The 10 most common signs of acid reflux or GERD in infants include:
1. Spit up and vomit….
Spitting up is normal for babies. But, forceful spit up may be a symptom of acid reflux. Spitting up blood, green or yellow fluid may also signify GERD or other more serious disorders. Spitting up should be painless, and shouldn’t distress baby. Forceful spitting up or vomiting is more painful and will cause the baby to cry and fuss.
2. Refusing food or having difficulty with feeding…..
Your infant may refuse to eat if they experience pain during feeding. The pain is the contents of the stomach and digestive juices coming back up the esophagus. This causes a burning sensation and irritation. They can also experience abdominal discomfort, causing extreme crying or screaming.
3. Wet burps or hiccups…
If your little one spits up liquid when they burp or hiccup., this can be a symptom of acid reflux.
4. Failure to gain weight
Failure to gain weight, or actually losing weight can happen as a result of excessive vomiting. Poor feeding associated with acid reflux can also add to weight loss.
5. Abnormal arching…
Infants may arch their body during or after feeding. It is thought that this may be due to the painful burning sensation caused by the buildup of stomach fluid in the esophagus.
6. A recurring cough or pneumonia…
Regurgitated food and digestive juices can be inhaled into the lungs and windpipe. This can lead to chemical or bacterial pneumonia, or a persistent recurring cough. Other respiratory problems, such as asthma, can develop as a result.
7. Gagging or choking….
Gravity helps keep the contents of your little ones stomach down. It’s best to keep your baby as upright as possible for at least 30 minutes after feeding them to prevent food or milk from coming back up. Your baby may gag or choke when stomach contents flow back up their esophagus.
8. A bad night’s sleep…..
If the baby is fed too close to nap or bedtime, it can be disastrous. The food needs time to settle before the baby is laid down in a horizontal position. The best course of action is to try and feed as furthest away from bedtime as possible. This should give little one the best chance of a good nights sleep!
NOTE: If you are concerned about acid reflux, leave a comment below for further advice and medical opinion. We will do our best to reply in the next 48 hours
The best finger foods for babies Introducing finger foods for baby is an exciting and nerve-racking time. Between the mess, possible allergies and potential choking hazards, it’s enough to give some parents white knuckles as they hover over the high chair. But while you should certainly exercise caution, there are lots of great baby finger...